The Upstream Linear Distortion feature for the New DSP family of field analyzers takes advantage of the pre-equalization function built in to modern DOCSIS 3.0 and DOCSIS 3.1 CMTSs. The main objective for pre-equalization is to improve upstream performance in the presence of certain RF impairments related to in-channel frequency response, micro-reflections, and group delay.
The Upstream Linear Distortion feature takes advantage of the pre-equalization function built in to modern DOCSIS 3.0 and DOCSIS 3.1 CMTSs. The main objective for pre-equalization is to improve upstream performance in the presence of certain RF impairments related to in-channel frequency response, micro-reflections, and group delay. The CMTS looks at messages coming from the cable modem and evaluates the signal quality of the messages. If the CMTS determines that the messages can be improved by pre-equalization, the CMTS sends equalizer adjustment values to the cable modem. The cable modem then applies these equalizer adjustment values, called coefficients, to its pre-equalizer.
As a result of these adjustment values, the cable modem transmits a pre-distorted signal to compensate for impairments between the cable modem and the CMTS. As this pre-distorted signal traverses the HFC network, it will experience the effects of RF impairments. By the time the pre-distorted signal from the cable modem arrives at the CMTS, it will no longer have any of the original pre-distortion, as the RF impairments will have transformed it back into a near-ideal signal that the CMTS intended to see.
These signals are illustrated with time delay equalizer taps and can be evaluated for distance to fault. Upstream linear distortion analysis takes the EQ taps from the cable modem and displays their values along with the in-channel response and group delay graphs that are calculated from these values.
In Figure 1, the blue tap (position 8) is representative of the main modem tap with a horizontal red line that indicates the allowable correction threshold which is defined in the DOCSIS specification. If any of the green pre-main or post-main taps exceed the allowable correction threshold, it indicates that there is a likely an issue or impairment in the return path.
Technicians also have the ability to quickly and easily obtain a rough distance to the fault by using adjustable markers to select specific taps which are showing signs of impairment.
In Figure 2, the Group Delay of a typical upstream channel is displayed to show the difference in transmission time across the channel as measured in 1 MHz increments, which are defined in the DOCSIS specification. Technicians can use the adjustable markers to help identify the frequencies where the group delay is experiencing high levels of time delay (> 200 ns/MHz), which is indicated by the ripple measurement. Moving each marker to the edges of the channel will also provide technicians with an indication of what the peak to valley value is across the full width of the channel.
In Figure 3, the In Channel Response of a typical upstream channel is displayed to show the amplitude flatness of the channel as measured in 1 MHz increments, which are defined in the DOCSIS specification. Technicians can use the adjustable markers to help identify the frequencies where the in channel response is experiencing high levels of micro-reflections (> 2 dB/MHz), which is indicated by the peak to valley measurements.
As shown in Figure 4, moving each marker to the edges of the channel will also provide technicians with an indication of what the peak to valley value is across the full width of the channel.
All repairs carry a 90-day warranty against defects in replacement parts and repair workmanship.
All Trilithic products are warranted against defects in materials or workmanship for a minimum of one year after shipment to the original purchaser.
Trilithic's obligation under this warranty is limited to the repair or replacement of the product after being returned to our factory, and Trilithic determining the product be indeed defective.
This is Trilithic's sole warranty and is given in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, including warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose and sets forth the buyers sole remedy.
|120 DSP||180 DSP|
|Field Analyzers||Leakage Equipment||Monitoring & Maintenance|
|360 DSP||Seeker Lite²||8310 RSA|
|720 DSP||Seeker||8300A FST|
|1G DSP||Seeker D||860 DSPh & 860 DSPh Input Expander|
|802 AWE||Seeker D Lite & Seeker D Lite Source Transmitter||9581 SST|
|RSVP²||Seeker HL & Seeker HL Source Transmitter||8380 RPC|
|Seeker MCA III|
All Specially Configured Dell PowerEdge 2U Rack Mount Server products are warranted against defects in materials or workmanship for a minimum of three years after shipment. Dell provides next business day, parts and labor, on-site response for the following Trilithic products.
|LAW Server Package|
|ViewPoint Integrated Server Package|
Trilithic, Inc. ("Trilithic") warrants to the buyer that the product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship, under normal use, operating conditions and service for a period of one (1) or two (2) years from date of delivery based on the type of product as listed above. Trilithic reserves the right, before having any obligation under this limited warranty, to inspect the damaged product, and all costs of shipping the product to Trilithic for inspection shall be borne solely by the buyer. Trilithic's obligation under this limited warranty shall be limited, at Trilithic's sole option, to replacing or repairing the product, or to replacing or repairing any defective part. F.O.B. Indianapolis, Indiana. If neither of the two options is reasonably available, then Trilithic, in its sole discretion, may provide a prorated refund to the buyer of the purchase price of the product, as evidenced by the proof of purchase, less any applicable service fees in accordance with the following schedule:
Product with two (2) year warranty: months 0-3 = 100%; months 4-12 = 50%; and months 13-24 = 25%.
Product with one (1) year warranty: months 0-1 = 100%; months 2-6 = 50%; and months 7-12 = 25%.
Batteries and fans are not included or covered by the limited warranty. Any product or part that is repaired or replaced under this limited warranty shall be covered only for the remainder of the original warranty period which applied to the original product or part, or for ninety (90) days, whichever is longer. All products or parts that are exchanged for replacement shall become the property of Trilithic.
In order to recover under this limited warranty, buyer must make a written claim to Trilithic within sixty (60) days of the occurrence and must present acceptable proof of original ownership of the product (such as an original receipt, purchase order or similar documentation). In order for this limited warranty to be effective, the product must have been handled and used as set forth in the documentation accompanying the product and/or its packaging. This limited warranty shall not apply to any damage due to accident, misuse, abuse, neglect, fire or other casualty. Further, this limited warranty shall not apply to any product which has been altered or where the damage was caused by a part not supplied by Trilithic. Trilithic retains the final decision whether a product is within warranty conditions.
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